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The threat of automation: technological progress affect employment pattern

[Date] 2016-10-18 14:17:25   [Come From]www.powerlinksz.com  

  In a short span of 15 years, the technology revolution brought us the Google search, Facebook friends, iPhone applications, Twitter "roar", as well as the comprehensive products on amazon.
  
  But did not bring a large number of employment.
  
  By the end of last year, Facebook and Google combined Alphabet to hire employees 74505 people, less than a third of Microsoft, even though the total market value is twice as large as Microsoft. In 2012, sets was Google bid $1 billion for, at that time, the photo sharing service is only 13 employees.
  
  Hardware companies in the United States will shift production to outside, the computer and the chip unit of the recruitment. Emerging technology giant required relatively few workers. Technology start-ups have sprung up in not as large as before. Productivity and wage growth. The normal human work replaced by machines with low and middle income, income inequality is also growing.
  
  The technology boom, but not American workers
  
  The employment of computer and electronics company, following the rise since the 1990 s, has been falling by more than 40%, a handful of science and technology department of employment growth, but smaller.
  
  The results and the generation of political leaders, science and technology entrepreneurs and economists forecast. In 2000, former US President Bill Clinton in his last state of the union, said: "the United States will lead the world toward Shared peace and prosperity, to the forefront of science and technology." His economic team claimed that "rapid technological change" is the "one of the main engine of economic growth.
  
  People‘s good wishes to the technology boom and a huge gap between actual results and this led to a certain extent the squeals. In this year‘s U.S. presidential election, political outsider Donald Trump (Donald Trump) and Bernie Sanders (Bernie Sanders) have sprung up, having nothing to do with this.
  
  Compared to China‘s aggressive imported from damaging effects, and the fed and other government agencies which caused by the poor economic guiding the public‘s anger, science and technology cause disappointment is more subtle. Through these amazing new machines and the creation of their enterprise, americans are supposed to obtain greater economic benefits, the results to further widening of the gap between rich and poor.
  
  "This generation to see parents and grandparents had experienced the kind of progress, it makes them feel more depressed," MIT economist Eric bly‘s about (for), says his research work records the technology of widening income gap between the rich and poor. "This setback effect overflow in the political arena.
  
  In 1997, time magazine will be computer chip maker Intel CEO Andrew Grove, Andrew s. Grove named person of the year (Grove has died in March, 2016). Elected in 1999 is amazon CEO Jeff Bezos (Jeff Bezos). At that time, various enterprises to cope with the millennium bug, will spend billions of dollars of computer reprogrammed, optimistic investors to not yet profitable Internet start-ups given the huge valuation.
  
  Results in early 2000, the dotcom bubble burst, in 2001, the economy into recession, further deepening globalization trend, makes technical and economic in the turning point, its impact on the U.S. economy has turned.
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